Lakkis JI, Weir MR. Obesity and kidney disease. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2018;61(2):157–67.
Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers AA, Murray CJ. Comparative quantification of health risks: global and regional burden of disease attributable to selected major risk factors: World Health Organization; 2004.
Behboudi-Gandevani S, Tehrani FR, Cheraghi L, Azizi F. Could, “a body shape index” and “waist to height ratio” predict insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in polycystic ovary syndrome? Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2016;205:110–4.
Ayatollahi S, Ghoreshizadeh Z. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among adults in Iran. Obes Rev. 2010;11(5):335–7.
Kalupahana NS, Claycombe KJ, Moustaid-Moussa N. (n-3) Fatty acids alleviate adipose tissue inflammation and insulin resistance: mechanistic insights. Adv Nutr. 2011;2(4):304–16.
Miller WM, Spring TJ, Zalesin KC, Kaeding KR, Janosz KEN, McCullough PA, et al. Lower than predicted resting metabolic rate is associated with severely impaired cardiorespiratory fitness in obese individuals. Obesity. 2012;20(3):505–11.
Hoffmans M, Pfeifer W, Gundlach B, Nijkrake H, AJ OO, Hautvast J. Resting metabolic rate in obese and normal weight women. Int J Obes. 1979;3(2):111–8.
Buscemi S, Verga S, Caimi G, Cerasola G. A low resting metabolic rate is associated with metabolic syndrome. Clin Nutr. 2007;26(6):806–9.
Armellini F, Zamboni M, Mino A, Bissoli L, Micciolo R, Bosello O. Postabsorptive resting metabolic rate and thermic effect of food in relation to body composition and adipose tissue distribution. Metabolism. 2000;49(1):6–10.
Klein S, Wadden T, Sugerman HJ. AGA technical review on obesity. Gastroenterology. 2002;123(3):882–932.
Firouzabadi FD, Jayedi A, Asgari E, Farazi M, Noruzi Z, Djafarian K, et al. The association of dietary phytochemical index with metabolic syndrome in adults. Clin Nutr Res. 2021;10(2):161.
Eslami O, Khoshgoo M, Shidfar F. Dietary phytochemical index and overweight/obesity in children: a cross-sectional study. BMC Res Notes. 2020;13(1):1–5.
Rigi S, Mousavi SM, Shakeri F, Keshteli AH, Benisi-Kohansal S, Saadatnia M, Esmaillzadeh A. Dietary phytochemical index in relation to risk of stroke: a case-control study. Nutr Neurosci. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1080/1028415X.2021.1954291.
Delshad Aghdam S, Siassi F, Nasli Esfahani E, Qorbani M, Rajab A, Sajjadpour Z, et al. Dietary phytochemical index associated with cardiovascular risk factor in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2021;21(1):1–11.
Jha P, Kumari S, Jobby R, Desai N, Ali A. Dietary phytonutrients in the prevention of diabetes-related complications. Curr Diabetes Rev. 2020;16(7):657–73.
Han X, Shen T, Lou H. Dietary polyphenols and their biological significance. Int J Mol Sci. 2007;8(9):950–88.
Zamora-Ros R, Knaze V, Rothwell JA, Hémon B, Moskal A, Overvad K, et al. Dietary polyphenol intake in Europe: the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition (EPIC) study. Eur J Nutr. 2016;55(4):1359–75.
Satija A, Bhupathiraju SN, Rimm EB, Spiegelman D, Chiuve SE, Borgi L, et al. Plant-based dietary patterns and incidence of type 2 diabetes in US men and women: results from three prospective cohort studies. PLoS Med. 2016;13(6): e1002039.
Rupasinghe HV, Sekhon-Loodu S, Mantso T, Panayiotidis MI. Phytochemicals in regulating fatty acid β-oxidation: potential underlying mechanisms and their involvement in obesity and weight loss. Pharmacol Ther. 2016;165:153–63.
dos Wood Santos T, Cristina Pereira Q, Teixeira L, Gambero A, A Villena J, Lima Ribeiro M. Effects of polyphenols on thermogenesis and mitochondrial biogenesis. Int J Mol Sci. 2018;19(9):2757.
Watanabe M, Risi R, Masi D, Caputi A, Balena A, Rossini G, et al. Current evidence to propose different food supplements for weight loss: a comprehensive review. Nutrients. 2020;12(9):2873.
González-Castejón M, Rodriguez-Casado A. Dietary phytochemicals and their potential effects on obesity: a review. Pharmacol Res. 2011;64(5):438–55.
Vincent HK, Bourguignon CM, Taylor AG. Relationship of the dietary phytochemical index to weight gain, oxidative stress and inflammation in overweight young adults. J Hum Nutr Diet. 2010;23(1):20–9.
Asgari E, Jayedi A, Firouzabadi FD, Noruzi Z, Farazi M, Djafarian K, et al. Association of the dietary phytochemical index with general and central obesity in a sample of Iranian adults. J Funct Foods. 2021;83: 104546.
Vasmehjani AA, Darabi Z, Nadjarzadeh A, Mirzaei M, Hosseinzadeh M. The relation between dietary phytochemical index and metabolic syndrome and its components in a large sample of Iranian adults: a population-based study. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):1–10.
McCarty MF. Proposal for a dietary “phytochemical index.” Med Hypotheses. 2004;63(5):813–7.
Tschoner A, Sturm W, Engl J, Kaser S, Laimer M, Laimer E, et al. Retinol-binding protein 4, visceral fat, and the metabolic syndrome: effects of weight loss. Obesity. 2008;16(11):2439–44.
Liu J, Shen W, Zhao B, Wang Y, Wertz K, Weber P, et al. Targeting mitochondrial biogenesis for preventing and treating insulin resistance in diabetes and obesity: Hope from natural mitochondrial nutrients. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2009;61(14):1343–52.
Huskisson E, Maggini S, Ruf M. The role of vitamins and minerals in energy metabolism and well-being. J Int Med Res. 2007;35(3):277–89.
Estruch R, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Corella D, Basora-Gallisá J, Ruiz-Gutierrez V, Covas MI, et al. Effects of dietary fibre intake on risk factors for cardiovascular disease in subjects at high risk. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2009;63(7):582–8.
Azadnajafabad S, Karimian M, Roshani S, Rezaei N, Mohammadi E, Saeedi Moghaddam S, et al. Population attributable fraction estimates of cardiovasculardiseases in different levels of plasma total cholesterol in a large-scale cross-sectional study: a focus on preventionstrategies and treatment coverage. J Diabetes Metab Disord. 2020;19:1453–63.
Mirmiran P, Esfahani FH, Mehrabi Y, Hedayati M, Azizi F. Reliability and relative validity of an FFQ for nutrients in the Tehran lipid and glucose study. Public Health Nutr. 2010;13(5):654–62.
Graf S, Karsegard VL, Viatte V, Heidegger CP, Fleury Y, Pichard C, et al. Evaluation of three indirect calorimetry devices in mechanically ventilated patients: which device compares best with the Deltatrac II®? A prospective observational study. Clin Nutr. 2015;34(1):60–5.
Neelakantan N, Whitton C, Seah S, Koh H, Rebello SA, Lim JY, et al. Development of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire to assess the dietary intake of a multi-ethnic urban Asian population. Nutrients. 2016;8(9):528.
Ma L-J, Mao S-L, Taylor KL, Kanjanabuch T, Guan Y, Zhang Y, et al. Prevention of obesity and insulin resistance in mice lacking plasminogen activator inhibitor 1. Diabetes. 2004;53(2):336–46.
Doros R, Lixandru D, Petcu L, Picu A, Mitu M, Tudosoiu J, et al. Obesity influence on insulin activity and resting metabolic rate in type 2 diabetes. Rom J Diabetes Nutr Metab Dis. 2016;23(4):377–86.
Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjöström M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, et al. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(8):1381–95.
Mirzaei K, Hossein-nezhad A, Keshavarz SA, Koohdani F, Eshraghian MR, Saboor-Yaraghi AA, et al. Association of nesfatin-1 level with body composition, dietary intake and resting metabolic rate in obese and morbid obese subjects. Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2015;9(4):292–8.
Haugen HA, Chan LN, Li F. Indirect calorimetry: a practical guide for clinicians. Nutr Clin Pract. 2007;22(4):377–88.
Mirzaei K, Hossein-Nezhad A, Chamari M, Shahbazi S. Evidence of a role of ANGPTL6 in resting metabolic rate and its potential application in treatment of obesity. Minerva Endocrinol. 2011;36(1):13–21.
Barba G, Russo P. Dairy foods, dietary calcium and obesity: a short review of the evidence. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2006;16(6):445–51.
Jayarathne S, Stull AJ, Park OH, Kim JH, Thompson L, Moustaid-Moussa N. Protective effects of anthocyanins in obesity-associated inflammation and changes in gut microbiome. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2019;63(20):1900149.
Berezow AB, Ernst RK, Coats SR, Braham PH, Karimi-Naser LM, Darveau RP. The structurally similar, penta-acylated lipopolysaccharides of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Bacteroides elicit strikingly different innate immune responses. Microb Pathog. 2009;47(2):68–77.
Bakker GC, Van Erk MJ, Pellis L, Wopereis S, Rubingh CM, Cnubben NH, et al. An antiinflammatory dietary mix modulates inflammation and oxidative and metabolic stress in overweight men: a nutrigenomics approach. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;91(4):1044–59.
Ness AR, Powles JW. Fruit and vegetables, and cardiovascular disease: a review. Int J Epidemiol. 1997;26(1):1–13.
Seal CJ. Whole grains and CVD risk. Proc Nutr Soc. 2006;65(1):24–34.
Moradi S, Mirzaei K, Abdurahman AA, Keshavarz SA, Hossein-nezhad A. Mediatory effect of circulating vaspin on resting metabolic rate in obese individuals. Eur J Nutr. 2016;55(3):1297–305.
Sherr CJ, Roberts JM. CDK inhibitors: positive and negative regulators of G1-phase progression. Genes Dev. 1999;13(12):1501–12.
LaBaer J, Garrett MD, Stevenson LF, Slingerland JM, Sandhu C, Chou HS, et al. New functional activities for the p21 family of CDK inhibitors. Genes Dev. 1997;11(7):847–62.
Schrauwen P, Westerterp-Plantenga MS, Kornips E, Schaart G, Marken Lichtenbelt WD. The effect of mild cold exposure on UCP3 mRNA expression and UCP3 protein content in humans. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002;26:450–7.