Actual physical health and fitness directly linked to psychological health and fitness in Compulsory Secondary Schooling students

The study done at the Universitat Jaume I by Carlos Bou Sospedra in his doctoral thesis entitled “Condición física y salud psychological en estudiantes de ESO: Proyecto DADOS” has shown that physical fitness is specifically relevant to psychological wellness in the Obligatory Secondary Education and learning students who participated in the review. The thesis was supervised by Dr Diego Moliner, a senior lecturer in the Office of Training and Didactics of Precise Subjects.

In excess of the previous 10 years, scientific experiments have identified a decline in psychological effectively-getting amid the teenage inhabitants and an enhance in circumstances of stress, depression, eating ailments and self-harm. In point, a significant proportion of diagnoses of depression occur for the duration of this stage and 60-75% of conditions identified in adulthood stem from a problem that goes back again for some years.

Melancholy frequently offers in the variety of a deficiency of power and an elevated sedentary way of life, which potential customers to a decreased stage of actual physical conditioning. Physical physical fitness can consequently be considered an indicator of bodily and psychological wellness in adolescence, by way of both of those organic (enhanced anti-inflammatory position, neuronal advancement or enhanced neuroplasticity) and psychosocial mechanisms (increased social acceptance or creation of social bonds).

This investigate has analysed the romantic relationship in between physical fitness (comprising cardiorespiratory endurance, musculoskeletal ability and motor capacity), and mental health and fitness. 1 of the critical findings was the relationship in between reduce concentrations of physical physical fitness and bigger concentrations of hazard of depression, and that superior actual physical fitness appears to be relevant to higher concentrations of self-esteem in adolescents.

The examination of the info acquired from the participants in the DADOS study has demonstrated no romantic relationship involving the strength of decreased physique muscles and the possibility of melancholy and the amount of self-esteem. However, it has uncovered that self-esteem may perhaps engage in a mediating position in the affiliation concerning actual physical fitness and threat of melancholy in adolescents, particularly between women. This suggests that the threat of depression in adolescence could be minimised by escalating self-esteem, which in flip could be realized by increasing the physical conditioning of this inhabitants group.

The thesis is publication-based and for that reason incorporates in one particular of its sections a few analysis articles or blog posts posted in different substantial-impression international journals designed within the Bodily Action, Health and Health (Everyday living) group of the community university in Castelló (

Project info

The learners in the sample analysed in the doctoral thesis ended up portion of the DADOS (Sport, Adolescence and Wellbeing) task, a 5-yr cohort examine (2015-2020) which experienced as its most important goal the examination of the influence of actual physical activity on actual physical health and fitness, psychological health and fitness and educational efficiency in the course of adolescence. To be suitable for assortment, pupils experienced to have been born in 2002, be in the 2nd 12 months of Compulsory Secondary Instruction and not to go through from any physical or mental pathologies.

To date, the DADOS task has presented increase to extra than 70 papers at nationwide and worldwide congresses and scientific conferences, as effectively as 25 articles posted in large-impact journals indexed in the Journal Citation Report (JCR). In addition, the DADOS task has contributed to the education of 4 doctoral learners, who have composed their doctoral theses as users of the Life study group.

The DADOS challenge has been funded by the Spanish Ministry of the Financial system and Competitiveness and by the Universitat Jaume I of Castelló. It also obtained two Sunny Sport analysis scholarships from the enterprise Schweppes Suntory España (many years 2015 and 2016).


Journal references:


  • Affiliation among Wellbeing-Associated Actual physical Exercise and Self-Rated Hazard of Melancholy in Adolescents: Dados Study. Bou-Sospedra C, Adelantado-Renau M, Beltran-Valls MR, Moliner-Urdiales D. Journal of Environmental Investigation and Community Health, 2020 Jun 1717(12):4316
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  • Independent and merged impact of physical health elements on self-esteem in adolescents: DADOS research. Bou-Sospedra C, Adelantado-Renau M, Beltran-Valls MR, Moliner-Urdiales D. Annals of Human Biology, 2021 Dec48(7-8):550-556
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  • The mediating position of self-esteem in the affiliation in between actual physical health and risk of despair in adolescents: DADOS Analyze, C. Bou-Sospedra, M. Adelantado-Renau, M. R. Beltran-Valls & D. Moliner-Urdiales. International Journal of Activity and Physical exercise Psychology, 2022.
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